Does your child go through extreme mood and behaviour changes? Does your child experience highs and lows quite often? Do these mood and behavioural changes affect their academics, social and personal lives? If yes, then they probably suffer from bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disorder is a serious mood disorder. It is a mental illness marked by both episodes of mania and depression. Mania is where the child is in a state of elation i.e. heightened energy levels where as in a depressive state the child experiences feelings of low, sadness and hopeless. As the disorder end up affecting a child’s mood, activity and energy levels, it ends up being a major source of distress to carry out daily activities, hence causing repercussions in their academics, social and other aspects of life.
Children with bipolar disorder are denoted by sudden mood swings, spells of hyperactivity which is then followed by lethargy, frustration, intense, temper tantrums and defiant behaviour. This severe and rapid cycling between two extreme moods can cause irritability and discomfort within the child. The child could experience periods of peace between the episodes.
For childhood bipolar, the criteria require four or more of the following:
- Rapidly changing moods that lasts for a few hours or a few days
- Irritable mood
- Lack of interest in activities that were previously enjoyed
- Extreme sadness
- Lengthy and destructive temper
- Separation anxiety
- Frequent and strong cravings for sweets and carbohydrates
- racing thoughts
- Sleep disturbances, either too much or too little
- Bed wetting
- Being overly involved in multiple activities and projects
- Poor judgment
- Defying authority
- Pressure to keep talking
- Risk taking behaviours (like jumping out of roofs and other dangerous places)
- Taking part in advanced sexual behaviour
Researchers explain the cause of bipolar disorder could be due to family genes and another factor that may lead to the disorder is the disruptions in the brain functioning or the brain structure of the individual suffering from bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder could occur with other conditions too, like anxiety disorders, substance abuse and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
In order to help your child, you need to seek professional mental health care. Take your child to a psychiatrist and get them checked. A clinical screening would be conducted, post which you’ll know of their diagnosis. A variety a psychotherapies by clinical psychologists would be undertaken like family therapy, psycho-pharmacotherapy, cognitive-behavioural therapy, mindfulness meditation, interpersonal and social rhythm therapy and psycho-education; all these therapies conclusively work together to make sure that your child will be better able to manage bipolar disorder. For appointment with our experts, call us now on +919741476476.