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Common Types of Phobias

Often facing unreasonable fear?

Around the world about 3.6% of the population suffers from anxiety, says WHO (World Health Organisation). Phobia a subtype of anxiety. It is the most common among people with anxiety. If this condition penetrates frequently then it can lead to anxiety disorder.

Phobia is a sense of dread or overwhelming condition that take place when an individual experiences his/ her sense of fear. The source of fear can be anything, it might be due to place, object or scenario. There are several types of phobias. Here are the top 5 common types, signs and symptoms of phobias.

Specific phobias:

In specific phobia, the person feels anxious and fear of a particular object or situation. These phobias often develop in early childhood and progress to the severe stage as the person gets older. The sense of vigorous fear may take place due to particular objects, animals or situations such as,

  • Animals based phobia (spider, snakes, butterflies and dogs)
  • Body-based phobia (blood, choking, vomit and medical procedures)
  • Situation-based phobia (flying, travelling, small spaces and heights)
  • Others (clowns, specific foods, and etc)

Social phobias:

It is also known as social anxiety or social anxiety disorder. When a person is fearful of situations like social gatherings, meeting new people or to talk in public, then he or she is said to have social phobia. The individual with social phobia try to stay out of these situations and they feel comfortable only when they are alone or with very few people. Social phobia affects a person extremely hard in daily life basis such as,

  • Starting conversation
  • Speaking in public
  • Meeting a person for the first time
  • Talking to a higher authority
  • Going work

Agoraphobia

Acrophobia is fear with the virtue of places or situation. In this type of phobia people normally get scared if there is no safety or protection. In the case of acrophobia, the person experience excess fear and gets giddiness if he / she is not relieved immediately. A study states, women suffer acrophobia more than men. Agoraphobia create a high level of anxiety to the person in cases such as,

  • Staying alone or staying at outside
  • Exposed to open spaces
  • Virtue of height
  • Being in closed spaces (elevators or dark room)
  • Long travelling (car, bus or plane)

What is the remedy?

Treatments, therapies and medication are vital to overcoming any type of phobia. Through the proper guidance of psychiatrists and psychologists, anyone can avail the productive and phobia-free life.

Get prepared before counseling:

Make a note of the following particulars which could help in identifying the signs. Also, it helps the individual to prepare the questions to ask the medical professional. This can help the individual to overcome phobia

  • Try to pin down all the related and unrelated symptoms that affect both physically and mentally.
  • Consolidate what made the condition better and worse.
  • Note down the situations which triggered anxiety or phobia.
  • Note all the major stressors and events that happened recently.
  • List down all the medications and supplements

Questions to ask the counselor:

  • What causes the individual to develop fear?
  • What improvement he or she should do from the personal side?
  • Suggested treatment option?
  • Ask for the medication side effects
  • Ask for the severity of the illness

Don’t hesitate to ask the questions to the medical professional. For eevidence-basedtreatment and therapies reach Cadabam’s Hospital. Get the treatment for phobia disorder, book appointments, call us at  +91 97414 76476.

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