Essential information about child psychology can do more for a teacher than improving their teaching and learning habits of students. It can help them motivate students and identify if they are in an emotional crisis. These small information can come handy when handling difficult students and giving support to ones in need.
Why do teachers need to know and apply child psychology? Children spend major part of their time either in school or at home. Thus parents and teachers are the ones who tend to have a big impact and play an important role in shaping the child’s attitudes and behaviour.
Here are a few psychological elements teachers need to keep in mind when dealing with children to promote positive and effective psychological development:
- Individual differences: People are different from each other. They look, perceive, understand and respond at things differently, the same applies to children too. These differences majorly come from their home environment and influences the way they behave with other children. Along with that difference in their abilities and talent Understanding of this can be of great help to teachers when it comes to dealing with children.
- Learning styles: Like mentioned above, all children are different, so is their ways of understanding and grasping. The traditional lecture method or writing on board may not be effective on all children. Some children tend to be visual learners while others kinaesthetic. A teacher needs to identify these and be capable of helping them. Below are the different types of learners along with techniques that can help them:
- Visual: Using images and videos
- Auditory: Using rhythms and lectures
- Verbal: reading and memorizing out loud.
- Kinaesthetic: Writing or drawing.
- Intrapersonal: Learning on their own
- Interpersonal: Learning in with others, in a group.
- Rewards and punishments: These are techniques are also applied by parents to modify a child’s behaviour. Giving a student reward, especially when it is social in nature, not only helps them continue that behaviour but also encourage others behave in the similar track. Also when punishing, teachers need to make sure that the nature of it is not such that it affects the student mentally but rather enable them reflect on their behaviour.
- Giving explanations: When making a rule around the class, teachers need to explain the logic behind these rules. When an explanation is give students are in a better position to understand the importance of and follow it.
- Brain plasticity: Teachers need to always keep in mind, while interacting with children that their behaviour tends to have an impact on the child. Be it kind or harsh words, be it a smile or a frown or be it a particular prosocial or academic skill. This is the stage where whatever the child learns creates a new neural connection in the brain enabling the child to remember it later in life.
- Identifying and addressing psychological issues: As children spend their majority of time in school, teachers can play an important role in identifying and addressing these problems. Issues such as bullying and child abuse are common psychological difficulties children face. Here are a few identifiers that can help teachers point out psychological issue the child could be facing:
- Sudden decrease in academic performance
- Sitting or spending most of the time on their own
- Being too quite, if they were talkative earlier
- Sudden anger outbursts or aggressive behaviour
- Not being able to make friends
Along with all the above, a teacher needs to be aware of their behaviour around children and need to be a role model for them. Children learn a lot from observation; they also tend to do it unconsciously. Thus at times it is not necessary to actually tell the child what to do but rather show them by doing it yourself. For teacher training programs & to meet child psychologists, call us now on +919741476476.