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Bipolar disorder

Bipolar Disorder is a sustained mood disorder of alternate mania and depression episodes or both conditions existing in tandem.

It is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out daily tasks.Symptoms of bipolar disorder can be severe. They are different from the regular ups and downs that everyone goes through from time to time. Bipolar depression disorder symptoms can result in damaged relationships, poor job or school performance, and even suicide. But bipolar disorder is treatable, and people with this illness can lead normal and productive lives

Bipolar disorder is not that easy to spot when it starts. Some people suffer for years before they are properly diagnosed and treated. Unlike heart disease or diabetes, bipolar disorder is a long-term illness that must be carefully managed throughout your life.

Prevent the mood swings from ruling your life, and staying on track. Call us now to talk with our counselor at +919741476476

Signs and Symptoms of Bipolar depression disorder

Manic phase or Mania

  • Talking very fast, jumping from one idea to another, having racing thoughts
  • Being unusually distracted
  • Increasing activities, such as multiple new projects
  • Being overly restless
  • Sleeping little or not being tired
  • Having an unrealistic belief in self abilities
  • Behaving impulsively and engaging in pleasurable, high-risk behaviours
  • Extreme irritability
  • An overly happy or outgoing mood

Depressive phase or Depression

  • Feeling overly tired or slowed down
  • Having problems concentrating, remembering, and making decisions
  • Being restless or irritable
  • Changing eating, sleeping, or other habits
  • Thinking of death or suicide, or attempting suicide
  • Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed, including sex
  • Feeling sad or helpless

Living with bipolar disorder is challenging, but with proper bipolar disorder treatment, healthy managing and coping skills, along with solid support system, you can live fully while managing your symptoms.

Bipolar Depression disorder Diagnosis

Depressive episodes –severe lack of interest and or sadness, major changes in weight and appetite, disturbing change in sleep and activity, suicidal thoughts, etc. Lasting for more than 2 weeks at a stretch.

Alternating with Mania episode—over-inflated self-esteem or grandiosity, difficulty to find sleep, constant chattering, restlessness, difficulty in concentration (distractibility), over-indulgence in pleasurable activities. Lasting for at least 1 week.

Mixed episode—Criteria for both manic and depressive mood changes are met with alternating over 1 week; impairment in occupational and or social functioning; use of substance abuse that induced such an episode is ruled out.

Bipolar Disorder Treatment Options

Bipolar disorder cannot be cured, but it can be treated effectively over the long-term. Proper Bipolar Disorder Treatment helps many people with bipolar disorder gain better control of their mood swings and related symptoms. However, because it is a lifelong illness, long-term, continuous treatment is needed to control symptoms.

Treatment is more effective if you work closely with a psychiatrist and talk openly about your concerns and choices. An effective maintenance plan usually includes a combination of medication and psychotherapy.

The other bipolar disorder treatment options include-

1.Medication—‘mood stabilizers’ are initially used to treat acute manic episodes, and depression in bipolar doesn’t respond to normal antidepressants and there are other options for it. Some drugs that are commonly used in treating bipolar disorder are ‘lithium’, valproates’, carbamazepine, Clonazepam, atypical and typical antipsychotics.

2.Psychotherapy—Off-late, the importance of psychosocial therapy has asserted itself since medications cannot alter the basic feeling of frustration or mania. The following three types of counselling can help align a bipolar mind to adjust within norms of his surroundings and the society.

Talk to our psychiatrists & psychologists at Cadabam’s Hospitals to chalk out the best treatment plan for you.

3.Cognitive behavior therapy—to recognize reasons for low or high self-esteem, to understand individual client’s worldly perceptions, to understand their distortions in correlating self with the world.

4.Interpersonal therapy—To help set right social and professional interactions.

5.Behaviour therapy—to realign the client in the society to receive positive reinforcement for their behaviour so that maladaptive behaviour can be overcome.

6.Holistic therapies—Besides the usual intervention of medication and psychosocial counselling, there is another very useful approach we may take and that involves personality assessment of the client and helping them find an environment perceived as safe and happy for them, directing them to find an occupation that can keep their mood stable with a sense of achievement and pleasure in doing the activity they are engaged in.

Stress and all the causes that contribute to it must be removed or dealt with adequately in counselling. A safe and happy place which makes the client live out their daily lives without burden of memories of the haunted past must be found.

Talk to our psychiatrists & psychologists at Cadabam’s Hospitals to chalk out the best treatment plan for you.Occupation therapy:: An occupation or skill that keeps the client’s mind engaged in productive work must be encouraged to be made part of their routine life.Social skills training:: Social interactions should be encouraged within comfortable limits and self dependency in daily living though not forced, should give the client confidence.Group therapy:: It can help the client look beyond his or her self and find similar people with similar problems, discussions can lighten the burden of their own disease and activities done together can bolster confidence in each other to work as a community or as an individual.

Hospitalization for Bipolar Depression Disorder

It aims at the above results and not merely to restrain a client who has become aggressive or harmful to others in the society. Restraining a client within safe precincts doesn’t make sense if it doesn’t provide an opportunity for improvement and change.

It merely isolates him or her, further making it impossible for the client to gain courage. It is a twin battle that a mentally ill client is fighting—one is the battle raging in their own mind of which the outsider whether a care-provider or psychiatrist has little clue and second, the bigger battle being the client’s constant struggle to live up to society's expectations and norms and traditions.

For the inner battle we can coax out information from the client about their past history, present troubles and future apprehensions but without offering solutions that work in their outer world, only white lies of consolation will provide no relief.

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Bipolar disorder

  • Manic episodes/depression
  • Irritability
  • Mood swings
  • Impulsive
  • Restlessness
  • Self-harm tendency
  • Disorganised behaviour
  • Loss of interest/over-involvement in activities
  • Difficulty falling asleep/excessive sleepiness.

doctors | Bipolar disorder

Dr. Vishal Kasal

Dr Vishal Kasal
MBBS (Psychiatry), M.D.(Psychiatry)

Consultant Psychiatrist

Dr. Mala Murlidhar

Mala Murlidhar
PH.D. (Clinical Psychology), MS (Clinical Psychology), BA (Psychology)

Consultant Clinical Psychologist

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