home / patient care / therapy and treatments / REBT Therapy

REBT Therapy

Understanding rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) therapy

REBT is an effective psychotherapy method used to manage several mental health disorders. Cadabams has experience in using psychotherapeutic methods for 28+ years to treat mood disorders, anxiety disorders, cognitive impairments, substance abuse, eating disorders, phobias, etc.

REPT Therapy

Our multispecialty team of expert psychologists, counsellors, therapists work round the clock to ensure that you get the treatment you need and deserve. Cadabams Hospital offers world-class evidence-based and solution-oriented REBT treatment.

We are often marred by irrational and negative thoughts. These thoughts, if uncontrolled, can result in self-destructive behavior. Psychologists recommend Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) to help people understand the distinction between rational and irrational thinking patterns.

This solution-focused therapy is used to resolve cognitive, emotional, and behavioral problems in people who have found their way to mental health institutions and psychiatric hospitals. It helps patients to replace unwarranted negative thoughts and emotions, with rational thought patterns. This therapy is mostly used to discuss emotional disorders and mental health issues including:

  • Anger management
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Fear or phobias
  • Eating disorders
  • Sleep problems

The main emphasis of REBT psychology is on achieving emotional balance by reflecting it in realistic ways.

The REBT therapy/technique helps get rid of faulty thinking habits that cause people to feel depressed, anxious, frightened, frustrated, or angry. The idea behind this therapy is to increase awareness about your negative thoughts and how they distort your thinking process and quality of life. It is through awareness of these faulty thought patterns, that change can begin.

Once patients become aware of these irrational thoughts, the treatment can start and the patient changes their behavior to be more reasonable; they also take on realistic patterns of internal dialogue, which are referred to as “self-talk”.

What principles does the REBT method focus on? 

Psychologists opine that the REBT method is built on the idea that everyone wants to be happy and progress in life. However, negative emotions, thoughts, and behaviors make it difficult to think rationally, thus disrupting the balance. Adhering to this advice, by therapists advocating this therapy, can help patients perceive situations differently from how they seem. 

The guiding principles of the REBT method help:

  • Combat any event or situation that can trigger a negative reaction or thought process
  • Tackle beliefs or thoughts that patients may have about an event or situation
  • Deal with resulting emotions or feelings that patients experience from the negative beliefs and thoughts.

Techniques used in REBT

Therapists who recommend the REBT method to patients will advise techniques depending on the nature of the problem and its origin. Therapists dealing with patients reeling under negative thoughts and impressions, or who are affected by low self-esteem, first try to identify the situation or events that had triggered the negative emotional or behavioral response. For instance, lack of positive feedback is considered as a downcast expression.

Besides, the core beliefs that are attached to the behavioral or emotional response need to be examined or identified. The REBT therapy sessions will guide the patient to explore where these beliefs originate and develop a plan to recognize and replace them with positive thinking.

The combination of activating events and core beliefs results in emotional disorders including depression, social anxiety, anti-social behavior, or self-esteem issues. Therapists deconstruct these negative beliefs which are ingrained in their patient’s mind, while improving their behavior, thinking methodologies, and provide them with a positive outlook on life.

Therapists use the following three major techniques while treating their patients using REBT therapy: 

  • Problem-solving techniques – They help in dealing with negative thoughts or impressions about life following some experiences and they include:
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Social skills
  • Assertive qualities
  • Decision-making skills
  • Conflict resolution abilities
  • Cognitive restructuring techniques – They help tackle negative beliefs and they include:
  • Logical and rational thinking techniques
  • Changing perspectives of looking at things
  • Finding humor or irony
  • Exposure to stressful situations
  • Contesting irrational beliefs
  • Visualization
  • Coping techniques – They help tackle the effects of negative thinking and distorted emotions and include:
  • Relaxation
  • Hypnosis, and
  • Meditation 

Steps in the REBT Therapy

The globally accepted REBT method involves a series of steps with the end goal to help patients distinguish between the negative and positive, and focus on what is real rather than what they perceive. Therapists treating their patients treat their patients in the following steps

  • Step 1- Identifying underlying irrational thoughts and beliefs:

The therapists first identify and make note of any irrational thoughts, beliefs, and patterns that can trigger any psychological distress. In most cases, irrational beliefs are considered as absolutes, and people rephrase these beliefs as “I should”, “I must”, or “I can” during the treatment.

Holding on to irrational beliefs can be quite unyielding as well. This makes it difficult for them to respond to any situation with a healthy mind. Having rigid expectations of others, and themselves, only lead to recrimination, disappointment, anxiety, and regret.

  • Step 2- Challenging irrational beliefs:

The second step of Rational Emotive Cognitive Behavior [REBT] therapy involves challenging the underlying irrational beliefs. To challenge these beliefs, the therapist must dispute this by using direct and confrontational methods. The therapists must be blunt, honest, and logical if they want to prompt their patients towards changing their thoughts and behavioral patterns.

  • Step 3- Gaining insight into rational thought

The REBT therapy session can be pretty daunting for the patients. Many patients often find it difficult to come face to face with their thought patterns. This is because accepting one’s own irrational beliefs can be challenging at times. However, once the patient has identified their problematic beliefs, guiding them through the process of change can be even more difficult.

The objective of subjecting patients to rational emotive behavior therapy sessions is to help them respond to situations, rationally. This way, patients facing negative situations in the future, realize they need to be more realistic in their approach and do away with impossible expectations. “It’s okay to make mistakes” is the premise on which the idea of REBT stands, and how the treatment is done.

REBT therapy makes use of cognitive strategies to help clients. This method focuses on emotions and behaviors too. Besides, the therapy sessions identify and dispute the irrational beliefs of the patients. Therapists then work together to target an emotional response that also negates all problematic thoughts. Therapists encourage their clients to change any unwanted behavior patterns by using things like meditation, guided imagery, and journaling.

Effectiveness of REBT Therapy?

Researches involved in treating patients with rational emotive behavior therapy have proved that it is an accepted treatment technique. This treatment process can help treat obsessive-compulsive disorder, social anxiety, depression, and disruptive behavior. Various reviews stemming from randomized trials have also shown that the REBT method is effective in treating a myriad of mental health issues.

During rational emotive cognitive behavior therapy, patients are taught about emotional health. Therapists use REBT to teach their patients the need to accept their own, and others’, mistakes. Besides, accepting experiences that life throws at them is important to healthy survival and growth.

Benefits of REBT Therapy

Unlike other mental health treatment technique, REBT therapy advises patients to –

  • Learn that self-acceptance is important to gain mental wellness and stability
  • Identify, battle, evaluate, and fight against self-defeating unreasonable beliefs
  • Build rational thoughts that point to goal achievement as well as enhanced personal harmony.
  • Overcome conflicts with others and learn how to enhance your health.
  • Learn and believe that the main reason for his/her/their emotional reactions is the feelings about an event, instead of the event itself.
  • Dealing with circumstances and situations in more realistic ways
  • Learn how to not respond to irrational thoughts.
  • Manage life by effectively tackling adverse situations.

How to find a therapist who performs REBT?

Finding a reputed therapist who specializes in REBT counseling can be a tedious task. To help streamline the process and make it less overwhelming, you must first make note of specific things that you would like to address during your counseling sessions. Gender also matters, and hence, it is important to choose one that you feel comfortable to discuss your problems with.

Some therapists charge large amounts to lend you access to a therapy that would rid you of your emotional disorders. Find a therapist who charges realistically and within your budget.

Using REBT to treat alcohol and drug dependencies:

Studies have shown that almost 10% of the urban population is suffering from some kind of drug or alcohol dependency. The treatment programs for substance abuse can be highly beneficial. But, many people suffering from alcohol or drug addiction don’t acknowledge that they have a sickness so they don’t end up seeking any help.

If you, or a loved one, are suffering from any kind of drug or alcohol addiction then a REBT therapy session will help you disengage from these unhealthy behaviors, which are a result of irrational beliefs and negative emotions. Thus, one of the major goals of REBT therapy, when it comes to treating alcohol and drug addictions, is that it facilitates sobriety and enables you to return to a healthy mindset and be happy. This is done when the irrational thoughts and negative behavior patterns lead to addictive behaviors.

REBT psychology is known to work quite effectively on patients who suffer from alcohol and drug addiction. The essence of treating patients who have addiction tendencies is to change the way they think about situations, have a positive reaction, and alter the way they act; this includes not seeking or depending on alcohol or drugs if they have to cope with their emotions.

If you, or a loved one, is suffering from an addiction, then REBT therapy session can help reduce the magnitude and intensity of your feelings. This means that instead of categorizing your emotions into extremes, you can learn to have a less severe response. A subdued reaction will teach you self-acceptance and it will lead to fewer self-destructing behaviors.

The two main ways that rational emotive behavior therapy will help with alcohol and drug dependencies is by teaching patients how to-

  • React to situations realistically, as well as not reacting to the irrational thoughts
  • Realizing that some things in life are not in our control, but, we can control how we react to a situation.
  • The rational emotive behavior therapy [REBT] sessions are usually combined with other treatment methods when tackling alcohol and drug dependencies. There may be times where you will find that REBT therapy sessions will be provided with their treatments like drug rehabilitation, drug treatments, and psychoeducational programs.

According to research, most of the influential treatment is a combination of various plans like REBT, behavioral therapy, along with medical treatments. There is an important difference between REBT and a twelve-step program that puts them at odds with one another. REBT promotes internal control, this means that you are in control of your behaviors and emotions.

What to expect during the REBT therapy session? 

REBT therapy is an effective form of therapy. REBT has been studied since the 1950s, and many studies have shown the positive effects of these therapy methods. The research has also shown that rational emotive behavior therapy sessions are a valid method to change negative responses and lead you to a happy life.

The process of REBT therapy sessions involves a collaboration between the person and the therapist to change the irrational disputing beliefs. It’s a cognitive-behavioral process meaning that emphasizes restructuring emotional functions in a person, redefining their dilemmas by altering their attitudes to develop acceptable patterns of thoughts and behaviors.

The REBT therapist works to help the person recognize that their beliefs are illogical and should be challenged. This is called disputing. The person may experience many types of rational emotive behavior therapy exercises to recognize that their thinking is irrational. 

The person comes to know that the thoughts that make he/she/them miserable are irrational. Finally, the person determines to replace their irrational beliefs with more practical ones that allow more appropriate behaviors and thought patterns.

As such they have developed the outcome, the individual would engage him/her/themself in behaviors that can strengthen him/her/them with newer beliefs. Once the method is learned, the individual can use it in their lifetime ever onwards. They understand the influence thoughts have on their subsequent behaviors and feelings. 

Why choose Cadabams for REBT?

Cadabams specializes in using REBT to treat various disorders and to enhance the quality of life. The multispecialty team of psychologists, family therapists, and counsellors at Cadabams assess and analyse a patient’s previous health records, medical history, lifestyle, and other vital information to understand and know more about the patient’s behaviour and customises the right treatment plans to suit every need.

We have a stellar team of some of the top psychiatrists in Bangalore supported by specialist doctors, top therapists, registered mental health nurses, and social workers. We help patients with a variety of therapeutic approaches, like REBT treatment, towards resolving mental health issues

For more information about REBT therapy activities/ rational emotive behavior therapy sessions, please do contact us @+91 97414 76476 or visit Cadabam’s Hospitals.

FAQ About REBT Therapy

Does REBT therapy work?

Yes! Millions of people around the world rely on REBT therapy. It leverages evidence-based tools and practices to help people with their mental health problems. Once the underlying problems are identified, it focuses on challenging the irrational ideas and beliefs to welcome a definite and holistic improvement. In short, yes, REBT therapy works wonders. If you’re planning to attend a session, you’ll love the long-term benefits.

What is REBT therapy used for?

REBT therapy is used to treat a wide range of psychological disorders. It includes depression, anxiety, different types of phobias, panic attacks, PTSD, OCD, and more. It helps with many different problems, like low self-esteem, suicidal thoughts, over-eating, and more.

Who can benefit from REBT therapy?

Anyone who’s struggling with mental health problems and emotional challenges can benefit from REBT therapy. Consult an expert to learn more. After proper evaluation, they may recommend this therapy. If not, they would outline another course of treatment to address and resolve your problems.

How to do REBT therapy?

REBT therapy is about understanding yourself better, recognizing the irrational beliefs that are holding you back, and then addressing those beliefs. Among others, it involves problem-solving techniques, cognitive restructuring techniques, and coping techniques. So, doing REBT therapy isn’t like sitting and doing yoga. It requires constant self-awareness and a progressive shift in your thinking patterns. At REBT therapy sessions, with an expert by your side, you learn more about the involved techniques and get answers to all your “how-to”. After all, one can ask you to cope with your problems; that’s a part of REBT. But how do you cope? That’s what experts help you with.

What to expect from the first session?

In the first session, the therapist will usually ask a few questions to learn more about you and the problems you’re dealing with. Don’t expect any life-changing tips or “advice”. The first session of REBT therapy is also a great time for you to ask more questions about the therapy so you have a clear and well-defined expectation.

Get in Touch