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Anxiety Disorders: An Overview

Anxiety disorders cover a range of conditions marked by heightened worry, fear, and physical manifestations. From generalised anxiety disorder to panic disorder and social anxiety disorder, each poses distinct challenges.

Anxiety Disorder Treatment options include therapy, medication, and lifestyle changes, empowering individuals to manage anxiety disorder symptoms and improve their quality of life. Understanding anxiety disorders is crucial for effective intervention and support.

Meet Our Team Of Psychiatric Professionals

Neha Parashar - Clinical Psychologist

Dr Madhukar BR

Medical Director & Consultant Psychiatrist
Suhita Saha - Consultant Psychologist

Suhita Saha

Consultant Clinical Psychologist
Dr. R. Priya Raghavan - Consultant Psychiatrist

Dr Priya Raghavan

Consultant Psychiatrist
Aparna Rani - Online Consultant Psychologist

Aparna Rani

Consultant Clinical Psychologist
Dr. Arun Kumar - Online Consultant Psychiatrist

Dr Arun Kumar



Understanding Anxiety Disorder Symptoms: Why You May Need a Therapy And How Can It Help?


Expert Advice: How to Cope with Anxiety Disorder

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I have been consulting the doctors at Cadabam’s for over 6 months now for my father who has dementia. The doctors and staff at the hospital are very polite and kind and have provided excellent support and care right from day one. They not only explain the treatment plan thoroughly but also take out the time to make sure we understand complications and side effects that could come along the way. If you or your loved one is dealing with any mental health issues, I highly recommend Cadabam’s.

I’m very happy with the doctors, medical staff, and facilities at Cadabam’s hospital. Apart from being highly skilled in the field, the doctors and other medical staff are also very patient and supportive. Right from diagnosing the issue to prescribing medicines and creating the perfect treatment plan, they are with you every step of the way. I am glad I reached out to the team at Cadabam’s for counseling sessions.

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I’m extremely grateful to the doctors and the entire team at Cadabams for creating an action plan to help me with my anxiety. I was finding it very difficult to maintain a social life and even focus on my career because of my severe anxiety. But now that I have been meeting with the team for over a year, I can proudly say that I have gotten much better at understanding and dealing with my anxiety. Thank you Cadabam’s!

My wife and I were not able to maintain a healthy relationship due to a lot of personal issues. Just when we thought our marriage would be over, we decided to seek couple’s counseling at Cadabam’s. The team of therapists and psychologists helped us build back our relationship and taught us how to communicate better and reduce conflicts in our day to day life.

I used to run around to consult different professionals for cmy son’s treatment. At Cadabam’s, it was so much more convenient. From psychiatrists to rehabilitation, they had it all. I am really happy with how they have helped my son and I can see immense changes in him.

What really struck me was how polite and understanding the professionals were. We availed home care services from Cadabams and the professional was so understanding. They took their time, spoke to all the members, and gave us an in-depth understanding of the illness. We have now started coming in for regular sessions. It’s worth it!

It was the first time we had faced something like this. Our daughter was going through immense strain and wasn’t responding to anything we said. That was when we contacted Cadabams, and we were surprised by how prompt they were with treatment. They treated our situation as an emergency and took immense care of our daughter.

What is Anxiety Disorder?

Anxiety disorders refer to mental health conditions marked by an abundance of worry, fear, and nervousness, which notably disrupt everyday activities. 

Varieties encompass generalised anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias. Anxiety Disorder Symptoms may vary but often include physical symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, sweating, and trembling.

How common is anxiety disorder?

Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent across age groups and are more common in women than men. Anxiety disorders encompass a range of conditions, as stated above, all of which can significantly impair daily functioning and quality of life.

What triggers anxiety disorder?

Anxiety can be triggered by various factors, including stress from work, school, or relationships, traumatic events, genetic predisposition, physical health conditions, and substance abuse. 

Moreover, specific life changes, environmental influences, and alterations in brain chemistry can also play a role in triggering or worsening symptoms of anxiety.

Causes of Anxiety Disorder

The origins of anxiety disorders are complex and can differ based on individual situations. This may include genetic predisposition, brain chemistry, environmental stressors, trauma, medical conditions, substance abuse, and life transitions.

Brain chemistry

Brain chemistry refers to the intricate balance and interaction of neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine, which regulate mood, emotions, and behaviour. 

Disruptions in these chemical levels may play a role in the onset or worsening of mental health conditions, such as anxiety disorders.

Genetic factors

Genetic factors play a significant role in the development of anxiety disorders. Individuals with a family history of anxiety disorders are at higher risk of experiencing them themselves. 

Specific genetic variations may influence brain chemistry, response to stress, and the likelihood of developing anxiety symptoms in response to environmental triggers.

Types of Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders encompass various types, including generalised anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias. Each type differs in its specific symptoms, triggers, and patterns of anxiety, yet all can significantly impair daily functioning and quality of life.


Agoraphobia is an anxiety disorder marked by apprehension and avoidance of environments or situations where escape could be challenging, or assistance may not be readily available, such as crowded areas, open spaces, or public transportation. 

Individuals with agoraphobia may experience panic attacks and may avoid leaving their homes altogether to avoid triggering situations.

Generalised Anxiety Disorder

Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is typified by persistent and excessive concern and unease about multiple facets of life, like work, relationships, and health, enduring for a minimum of six months. 

Those with GAD frequently encounter physical manifestations such as muscle tension, fatigue, and irritability.

Panic Disorder 

Panic disorder is an anxiety disorder distinguished by repeated and unforeseen panic episodes, marked by sudden bouts of intense fear or discomfort coupled with physical symptoms like rapid heartbeat, sweating, trembling, and difficulty breathing. 

Individuals with panic disorder often fear future attacks and may avoid certain situations or environments as a result.

Substance-Induced Anxiety Disorder 

Substance-induced anxiety disorder occurs when substance use or withdrawal leads to symptoms of anxiety. These substances may include alcohol, drugs, medications, or toxins. 

Anxiety symptoms can manifest during substance use or withdrawal and may persist even after substance cessation, requiring appropriate treatment and management.

Signs and Symptoms of Anxiety Disorder

Signs and symptoms of anxiety include excessive worry, restlessness, irritability, muscle tension, difficulty concentrating, insomnia, fatigue, and physical symptoms like rapid heartbeat, sweating, trembling, and shortness of breath. 

Social Anxiety Disorder

Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is marked by intense fear or anxiety about social situations, fearing judgement or humiliation. 

Symptoms include avoiding social interactions, physical symptoms like blushing or sweating, and excessive self-consciousness. SAD can impair relationships and academic or occupational functioning.

Phobia-Related Disorders

Phobia-related disorders encompass specific phobias, such as fear of heights or spiders, and agoraphobia, the fear of situations where escape might be difficult. 

Individuals experience intense, irrational fear or anxiety when exposed to phobic stimuli, often leading to avoidance behaviours. 

How To Recognize Anxiety Symptoms In Family Members?

Recognize anxiety symptoms in family members by observing excessive worry, restlessness, irritability, muscle tension, difficulty concentrating, insomnia, or physical symptoms like rapid heartbeat and shortness of breath. You can also look out for triggers that can aggregate such feelings in your relatives.

Risk Factors for Anxiety Disorder

Risk factors for anxiety disorders include genetics, as individuals with a family history are more susceptible. Environmental factors like stressful life events or trauma can also increase risk. 

Chronic medical conditions, substance abuse, and personality traits such as shyness or perfectionism may contribute. Additionally, imbalances in brain chemistry or disruptions in neurotransmitter function can play a role in predisposing individuals to anxiety disorders.


Experiencing trauma, whether from physical, emotional, or psychological abuse, neglect, or major life events like accidents or disasters, can heighten the likelihood of developing anxiety disorders due to its profound effects on mental and emotional health.

Stress buildup

Continued exposure to stressors like workplace demands, financial strains, or relationship challenges can result in the accumulation of stress. 

This chronic stress may overwhelm coping mechanisms, leading to heightened anxiety and increasing the risk of developing anxiety disorders over time.


Drug use, including alcohol, illicit drugs, or medications, can exacerbate anxiety symptoms or induce anxiety disorders. Substance abuse may lead to changes in brain chemistry, triggering or worsening anxiety. Substance withdrawal can also cause anxiety symptoms.

When to Consult a Doctor for Anxiety Disorder?

Consult a doctor for anxiety disorder if symptoms persist for several weeks, significantly impact daily life, or cause distress. Seek medical attention if anxiety interferes with work, relationships, or self-care.

 Additionally, if experiencing panic attacks, irrational fears, or physical symptoms like chest pain or difficulty breathing, it’s essential to seek prompt evaluation to determine the cause and appropriate Anxiety Disorder treatment.

Anxiety Attack vs Panic Attack

Anxiety attacks are intense bouts of heightened anxiety or fear brought on by stressors, while panic attacks are sudden, intense episodes of fear or discomfort accompanied by physical symptoms such as a rapid heartbeat and difficulty breathing. 

Panic attacks typically occur without an obvious trigger and may be more severe than anxiety attacks.

Anxiety Disorder treatment options

Treatment approaches for anxiety disorders encompass therapy modalities like Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) or exposure therapy, medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or benzodiazepines, and lifestyle adjustments like stress management techniques, regular exercise, and relaxation methods. These interventions aim to mitigate symptoms and enhance overall wellness.

How does psychotherapy treat anxiety disorders?

Psychotherapy, such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), addresses anxiety disorders by identifying and modifying negative thought patterns and behaviours contributing to anxiety. 

It helps individuals develop coping skills, increase self-awareness, and challenge irrational beliefs, leading to symptom reduction and improved overall functioning and well-being.

Exposure Therapy for Anxiety Disorder

Exposure therapy is a key component of anxiety disorder treatment, involving gradual and systematic exposure to feared stimuli or situations. 

By facing fears in a safe environment, individuals learn to manage anxiety and reduce avoidance behaviours, leading to desensitisation and increased confidence in coping with anxiety triggers.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for Anxiety Disorder

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) stands as a potent treatment for anxiety disorders, aiding individuals in recognizing and questioning negative thought patterns, acquiring coping strategies, and progressively facing feared scenarios. These steps often result in symptom alleviation and enhanced overall functioning.

Finding Hope and Healing for Anxiety Disorder with Cadabams

Discover hope and healing for anxiety disorders at Cadabams, a leader in mental health care. Our dedicated team of professionals provides personalised services tailored to your needs, employing innovative techniques for effective treatment. Trust Cadabams to guide you on your journey to recovery, offering compassionate support every step of the way. Take the first step towards healing today.

If you are searching for a solution to your problem, Cadabam’s Hospitals can help you with its team of specialised experts. We have been helping thousands of people live healthier and happier lives for 30+ years. 

We leverage evidence-based approaches and holistic treatment methods to help individuals effectively manage their Anxiety Disorder. Get in touch with us today. You can call us at +91 97414 76476. You can even email us at info@cadabamshospitals.com.

More Useful Resources:







How Do You Stop Anxious Thoughts?

To stop anxious thoughts, practice mindfulness techniques, engage in relaxation exercises like deep breathing or progressive muscle relaxation, challenge negative thinking patterns, and seek support from a therapist or counsellor.

Is Anxiety A Mental Health Illness?

Yes, anxiety is a mental health illness characterised by excessive worry, fear, and nervousness that can significantly impact daily functioning and quality of life for affected individuals.

Is Anxiety A Psychological Disorder?

Yes, anxiety is considered a psychological disorder characterised by excessive worry, fear, and apprehension, leading to significant distress and impairment in various areas of life for those affected.

Is Anxiety Curable/Treatable?

While anxiety disorders may not be fully curable, they are treatable. Treatment options include therapy, medication, lifestyle changes, and coping strategies, which can effectively manage symptoms and improve quality of life.

How is Anxiety Diagnosed?

Anxiety is diagnosed through a thorough assessment by a healthcare professional, involving a review of symptoms, medical history, and possibly psychological evaluations or standardised questionnaires to determine the presence and severity of anxiety symptoms.

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