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Alzheimer's Disease: Symptoms, Stages, and Treatment Options

In this article we explore the various aspects of Alzheimer's - its symptoms, stages, and treatments that can help individuals to recognize warning signs early so that they can seek timely interventions. This knowledge is also crucial for accessing appropriate care and providing support to those affected.

Knowing about the condition can help in seeking important care and understanding how to care for individuals with Alzheimer's.

Our Team of Expert Doctors That Treat Alzheimer’s

Dr. R. Priya Raghavan - Consultant Psychiatrist

Dr Priya Raghavan

Consultant Psychiatrist
Dr. Arun Kumar - Online Consultant Psychiatrist

Dr Arun Kumar

Neha Parashar - Clinical Psychologist

Dr Madhukar BR

Medical Director & Consultant Psychiatrist


Informational Videos About Alzheimer’s Treatment & Prevention


Living with the Alzheimer’s Disease: Client Stories

Why Choose Cadabams for Alzheimer’s Treatment?
What makes us different?


In the Rehobilitation, Reintegration & Recovery space


Patients reintegrated back to society every year

Through our 8 speciality centers offering top-notch treatments across the nation, we have been helping thousands of people improve the quality of their lives.

With over 28 years of expertise and knowledge, we promise to provide our clients the solution that suits them the best. Whether the case involves stressed relationships, work stress or some other issues or concerns, our experts know how to handle it in a way that it’s in the best interest for the client and their family.

800+ Treatment Capacity

India's Largest Psychiatric Hospital and Rehabilitation Centre

Treatment Modalities

Used to create personalised treatment plans that meet the needs of you of your loved one

400+ Professionals

to support you through your recovery journey

Our state-of-the-art infrastructure, experienced professionals, and strong support system will ensure you receive world class mental health care for all kinds of mental health concerns.

At Cadabam's, we've always got your back.


Our Infrastructure, Care Facilities and Strong Community Support Ensure Better Patient Outcomes

Personality disorder
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Drug addiction
Chronic Pain

What Our Clients Have To Say

I have been consulting the doctors at Cadabam’s for over 6 months now for my father who has dementia. The doctors and staff at the hospital are very polite and kind and have provided excellent support and care right from day one. They not only explain the treatment plan thoroughly but also take out the time to make sure we understand complications and side effects that could come along the way. If you or your loved one is dealing with any mental health issues, I highly recommend Cadabam’s.

I’m very happy with the doctors, medical staff, and facilities at Cadabam’s hospital. Apart from being highly skilled in the field, the doctors and other medical staff are also very patient and supportive. Right from diagnosing the issue to prescribing medicines and creating the perfect treatment plan, they are with you every step of the way. I am glad I reached out to the team at Cadabam’s for counseling sessions.

I have observed great improvements in my son who has autism. The treatment plan created by the doctors has helped reduce the symptoms and he now is slowly learning new skills that assist him in his day-to-day activities. I cannot thank the team at Cadabam’s enough for giving my son the opportunity to have a happy and healthy childhood.

Excellent doctors, excellent team of medical staff, excellent facilities. From the people to the facilities and infrastructure, Cadabam’s has everything you need to address and improve your mental health illnesses.

I’m extremely grateful to the doctors and the entire team at Cadabams for creating an action plan to help me with my anxiety. I was finding it very difficult to maintain a social life and even focus on my career because of my severe anxiety. But now that I have been meeting with the team for over a year, I can proudly say that I have gotten much better at understanding and dealing with my anxiety. Thank you Cadabam’s!

My wife and I were not able to maintain a healthy relationship due to a lot of personal issues. Just when we thought our marriage would be over, we decided to seek couple’s counseling at Cadabam’s. The team of therapists and psychologists helped us build back our relationship and taught us how to communicate better and reduce conflicts in our day to day life.

I used to run around to consult different professionals for cmy son’s treatment. At Cadabam’s, it was so much more convenient. From psychiatrists to rehabilitation, they had it all. I am really happy with how they have helped my son and I can see immense changes in him.

What really struck me was how polite and understanding the professionals were. We availed home care services from Cadabams and the professional was so understanding. They took their time, spoke to all the members, and gave us an in-depth understanding of the illness. We have now started coming in for regular sessions. It’s worth it!

It was the first time we had faced something like this. Our daughter was going through immense strain and wasn’t responding to anything we said. That was when we contacted Cadabams, and we were surprised by how prompt they were with treatment. They treated our situation as an emergency and took immense care of our daughter.

What is Alzheimer’s Disease?

Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative neurological condition that disturbs memory, cognition, and behavior. It usually starts with minor memory issues and advances to severe cognitive decline. 

Alzheimer’s has distinct stages, each presenting unique challenges. While there is no cure, early detection and management can improve the quality of life. Supportive care, medication, and lifestyle interventions play crucial roles in alleviating Alzheimer’s Disease symptoms and enhancing well-being.

Who Does Alzheimer’s Disease Affect? 

Alzheimer’s disease predominantly impacts the elderly, often emerging after the age of 65. Nonetheless, early-onset Alzheimer’s can develop in individuals as young as their 40s or 50s. 

While age is the primary risk factor, genetics, lifestyle, and environmental factors also exert significant influences on its development.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Alzheimer’s Disease? 

Alzheimer’s Disease Symptoms encompass memory lapses that interfere with daily activities, struggles in problem-solving and planning, trouble executing familiar tasks, disorientation regarding time or location, and shifts in mood or personality. 

Other indicators may involve withdrawal from social activities, language problems, and difficulty understanding visual images. These Alzheimer’s Disease symptoms worsen over time and impair daily functioning.

Causes of Alzheimer’s Disease

The precise origins of Alzheimer’s disease remain incompletely understood, but they result from a blend of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle elements. It can worsen with time and have repercussions on the day-to-day lives of individuals.

Vascular dementia

Vascular dementia is caused by reduced blood flow to the brain, often due to strokes or other vascular issues. Symptoms include difficulties with thinking, reasoning, and memory. 

It’s the second most common type of dementia after Alzheimer’s disease, and its progression varies depending on the underlying vascular conditions.

Dementia with Lewy bodies

Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by abnormal protein deposits (Lewy bodies) in the brain. Symptoms include fluctuations in cognition, visual hallucinations, movement difficulties, and sleep disturbances. 

DLB shares symptoms with Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s, making accurate diagnosis challenging.

Different Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease progresses through early, middle), and late stages, reflecting worsening cognitive decline and functional impairment. These are the characteristics of each stage:

  • Early Stage: Mild memory lapses difficulty with problem-solving and organization.
  • Middle Stage: Increased memory loss, confusion, trouble recognizing family and friends, and behavioral changes like wandering or agitation.
  • Late Stage: Profound memory loss, inability to communicate, reliance on caregivers for basic needs, increased vulnerability to infections and other illnesses.

Early-stage Alzheimer’s (mild)

In the early stage of Alzheimer’s, individuals experience mild memory lapses, such as forgetting recent events or names. They may have difficulty with problem-solving and organization but can still perform daily tasks independently.

Middle-stage Alzheimer’s (moderate)

In the middle stage of Alzheimer’s, cognitive decline becomes more pronounced. Memory loss worsens, and individuals may struggle to recognize familiar faces or places. 

They may exhibit behavioral changes like agitation, wandering, or sundowning. Daily activities become increasingly challenging, requiring more assistance and supervision.

Late-stage Alzheimer’s (severe)

In the late stage of Alzheimer’s, cognitive function is severely impaired. People may experience a loss of communication skills, difficulty recognizing loved ones, or the inability to carry out simple tasks without assistance. 

They require full-time care for all aspects of daily living, and their vulnerability to infections and other complications increases. Quality of life becomes greatly diminished in this stage.

Learn more about each stage of Alzheimer’s disease

How is Alzheimer’s Diagnosed?

Alzheimer’s disease is diagnosed through a combination of medical history, physical examination, cognitive tests, and imaging studies. The following diagnosis is a common process that is followed:

  • A physical and neurological exam assesses overall health and neurological function.
  • Lab tests may include blood or cerebrospinal fluid analysis to detect biomarkers associated with Alzheimer’s.
  • Mental status and neuropsychological testing evaluate cognitive function and memory.
  • Brain imaging, such as MRI or CT scans, can reveal structural changes in the brain.
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) scans assess brain activity and detect abnormal protein deposits indicative of Alzheimer’s.

Physical and Neurological Exam

A physical and neurological exam involves assessing overall health and neurological function, including evaluation of reflexes, coordination, and sensory perception, to identify any abnormalities that may suggest Alzheimer’s disease or other conditions.

Lab Tests for Alzheimer’s Diagnosis

Lab tests for Alzheimer’s diagnosis may include blood tests or analysis of cerebrospinal fluid to detect specific biomarkers associated with the disease, helping to confirm the diagnosis and rule out other potential causes of cognitive impairment.

Mental Status and Neuropsychological Testing

Mental status and neuropsychological testing involve evaluating cognitive function, memory, attention, language skills, and executive functioning through various standardized tests and assessments. 

Brain Imaging for Alzheimer’s Diagnosis

In Alzheimer’s diagnosis, brain imaging methods like MRI or CT scans are employed to identify structural alterations in the brain, such as shrinkage or the existence of abnormal protein deposits.

Positron Emission Tomography (PET)

Positron emission tomography (PET) is a diagnostic imaging technique used in Alzheimer’s disease to measure brain activity and detect abnormal protein deposits, such as beta-amyloid plaques and tau tangles. 

By visualizing these biomarkers, PET scans help confirm Alzheimer’s diagnosis, differentiate it from other forms of dementia, and monitor disease progression. 

When should I Consult a Doctor?

You should see a healthcare provider if you or a loved one experience persistent memory loss, confusion, difficulty completing familiar tasks, challenges with problem-solving, or changes in mood or behavior. 

Don’t delay seeking help; prompt intervention ensures the best possible management and support for Alzheimer’s disease or other cognitive issues.

Self-Testing – How Do You Know If You Have Alzheimer’s?

Self-testing for Alzheimer’s involves monitoring cognitive function and memory changes. You can track forgetfulness, difficulty with problem-solving or familiar tasks, and any changes in mood or behavior. 

However, formal diagnosis requires evaluation by a healthcare provider. If you notice symptoms that are concerning, seek professional assessment promptly. 

How Can Alzheimer’s Symptoms In Family Members Be Recognized?

Suppose you are worried that a family member may have Alzheimer’s. In that case, it is important to look out for some common signs and symptoms such as persistent memory loss, confusion, difficulty completing familiar tasks, challenges with problem-solving, or changes in mood or behavior. 

Pay attention to any decline in cognitive function and seek medical evaluation if symptoms persist or worsen. If you notice that these changes are negatively impacting them and people around them are being affected by the condition, you should consider getting professional help.

What type of Specialist treats Alzheimer’s Disease?

Various specialists treat Alzheimer’s disease, including neurologists, geriatricians, psychiatrists, and neuropsychologists, depending on your needs and condition. This helps create a comprehensive Alzheimer’s Disease treatment plan that can help you manage several aspects of your life comfortably.

Psychiatrists for Alzheimer’s Diagnosis

Psychiatrists play a crucial role in diagnosing Alzheimer’s disease by evaluating cognitive decline, behavioral changes, and mood disturbances. They conduct comprehensive assessments, including psychiatric interviews, cognitive testing, and mood evaluations. 

They also help with medication that may be required to manage your mood swings and other needs and help create a recovery plan.

Clinical Psychologists for Alzheimer’s Diagnosis

Clinical psychologists contribute to Alzheimer’s diagnosis by assessing cognitive function, mood, and behavior through standardized tests and clinical interviews. They evaluate memory, attention, language, and executive function to identify patterns indicative of Alzheimer’s disease. 

They also help create rehabilitation programs and guide patients through ways to manage their condition so that they can continue with their daily activities.

Occupational Therapists for Alzheimer’s Diagnosis

Occupational therapists assess individuals with Alzheimer’s for impairments in daily functioning, such as self-care, household tasks, and community participation. 

They develop personalized intervention plans focusing on adaptive strategies, environmental modifications, and skill-building exercises to enhance independence and quality of life.

Alzheimer’s Disease Treatment Options

For Alzheimer’s, several treatment options are available to assist in managing the condition. It includes medication to manage symptoms, such as cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine, along with non-pharmacological approaches like cognitive stimulation, physical exercise, and caregiver support programs.

Medications for Alzheimer’s Diagnosis

Medications for Alzheimer’s disease aim to alleviate symptoms and slow disease progression. Cholinesterase inhibitors like donepezil, rivastigmine, and galantamine boost neurotransmitter activity in the brain, enhance neurotransmitter function in the brain, improve cognitive function, and reduce behavioral symptoms. 

Memantine regulates glutamate activity, which may help with memory and cognitive function. These medications are often used in combination and tailored to individual needs, but they do not cure Alzheimer’s.

Cholinesterase Inhibitors

Cholinesterase inhibitors, medications prescribed for Alzheimer’s disease, elevate levels of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter crucial for memory and learning processes. Examples include donepezil, rivastigmine, and galantamine. 

These drugs may improve cognitive function, behaviour, and activities of daily living in some individuals with Alzheimer’s, but they do not halt disease progression.


Memantine is a drug utilized in the treatment of moderate to severe Alzheimer’s disease. It functions by moderating glutamate activity in the brain, potentially enhancing memory, cognitive abilities, and behavior. 

It is often prescribed in combination with cholinesterase inhibitors for symptom management.

Treatments That Involve Therapies And Activities

Therapies and activities for Alzheimer’s disease involve cognitive stimulation, physical exercise, and psychosocial interventions. 

Cognitive stimulation programs aim to engage and maintain cognitive function. Physical exercise promotes overall health and may benefit cognition. 

Psychosocial interventions, including music or art therapy, provide emotional support and enhance the quality of life for individuals with Alzheimer’s.

Cognitive Stimulation Therapy

Cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) is a structured program designed to engage individuals with Alzheimer’s disease in exercises and activities. It aims to stimulate cognitive function, improve memory, and enhance overall well-being through group sessions focused on various cognitive tasks, reminiscence, and social interaction.

Cognitive Rehabilitation

Cognitive rehabilitation for Alzheimer’s involves tailored interventions to address specific cognitive impairments, such as memory, attention, and problem-solving skills. 

It employs techniques such as memory aids, cognitive exercises, and compensatory strategies to maximize cognitive function and independence in daily activities. 

The goal is to optimize cognitive abilities, enhance quality of life, and promote functional independence for individuals living with Alzheimer’s disease.

Reminiscence and Life Story Work

Reminiscence therapy and life story work involve discussing past experiences and personal history to stimulate memory, enhance self-esteem, and foster a sense of identity and connection. 

It encourages individuals with Alzheimer’s to share meaningful memories, promoting emotional well-being and improving quality of life.

Overcoming Alzheimer’s with Cadabams Hospitals

Experience compassionate care at Cadabams, where we have a network of professionals who are available round the clock for your care. 

Ourrehab centers in Hyderabad & Bangalore prioritize privacy and individualized care, ensuring your loved one’s comfort and well-being. 

With over three decades of expertise,  you can trust Cadabams & its team of doctors to provide unparalleled support and guidance for those struggling with mental health challenges such as Alzheimer’s. We integrate mental and physical health care so that your loved ones or yourself are taken care of. 

If you are searching for a solution to your problem, Cadabam’s Hospitals can help you with its team of specialized experts. We have been helping thousands of people live healthier and happier lives for 30+ years. 

We leverage evidence-based approaches and holistic treatment methods to help individuals effectively manage their Alzheimer’s Disease. Get in touch with us today. You can call us at +91 97414 76476. You can even email us at info@cadabamshospitals.com, or come down to our centres.

More Useful Resources:

Caring for Elderly Parents at Home

Difference Between Alzheimer’s and Dementia

Types of Alzheimer’s Disease

Ways to Prevent Alzheimer’s Disease

Link Between Alzheimer’s & Exercise

Treatment Options Available at Cadabam’s Hospitals



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Some Common Questions About Alzheimer’s Disease

How to overcome Alzheimer’s?

Alzheimer’s disease cannot be cured, but management strategies include medication to alleviate symptoms, cognitive stimulation, physical exercise, a healthy diet, and emotional support for individuals and caregivers.

Is Alzheimer’s a disease?

Yes, Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by memory loss, cognitive decline, and changes in behavior and personality, affecting millions worldwide.

How is Alzheimer’s diagnosed?

Alzheimer’s disease is diagnosed through a combination of medical history, physical examination, cognitive tests, and imaging studies, which help to assess memory loss, cognitive decline, and brain abnormalities.

Is Alzheimer’s a disability?

Alzheimer’s disease can lead to significant cognitive and functional impairments, potentially qualifying individuals for disability benefits, depending on the severity of symptoms and their impact on daily functioning.

Is Alzheimer’s genetic?

While genetics play a role in Alzheimer’s disease, it is not solely genetic. Familial Alzheimer’s results from specific genetic mutations, while late-onset Alzheimer’s involves complex interactions between genetic and environmental factors.

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