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Depression

Everyone occasionally feels blue or sad. But these feelings are usually short-lived and pass within a couple of days. When you have depression, it interferes with daily life and causes pain for both you and those who care about you. Depression is a common and serious mental illness.

Many people with a depressive illness never seek treatment. But the majority, even those with the most severe depression, can get better with treatment. Medications, psychotherapies, and other methods can effectively treat people with depression.

Types of Depression

There are several forms of depressive disorders.

Major depression: Where the severe symptoms interfere with your ability to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy life. An episode can occur once in a person's lifetime, but more often, a person has several episodes.

Persistent depressive disorder:  Where the depressed mood lasts for at least 2 years. A person diagnosed with persistent depressive disorder may have episodes of major depression along with periods of less severe symptoms, but symptoms do last for 2 years.

Some forms of depression are slightly different, or they may develop under unique circumstances. They include:

Psychotic depression: This occurs when a person has severe depression plus some form of psychosis, such as having disturbing false beliefs or a break with reality (delusions), or hearing or seeing upsetting things that others cannot hear or see (hallucinations). 

Postpartum depression: This is much more serious than the "baby blues" that many women experience after giving birth when hormonal and physical changes and the new responsibility of caring for a newborn can be overwhelming.

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD): Which is characterized by the onset of depression during the winter months, when there is less natural sunlight. The depression generally lifts during spring and summer. 

Most likely, depression is caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors.

Signs and symptoms include:

  • Persistent sad, anxious, or "empty" feelings
  • Feelings of hopelessness or pessimism
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness
  • Irritability, restlessness
  • Loss of interest in activities or hobbies once pleasurable, including sex
  • Fatigue and decreased energy
  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering details, and making decisions
  • Insomnia, early-morning wakefulness, or excessive sleeping
  • Overeating, or appetite loss
  • Thoughts of suicide, suicide attempts
  • Aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems that do not ease even with treatment 

Depression diagnosis and treatment:

Diagnosis:

Depression counseling services will determine the diagnosis of your disease based on the following: 

Physical exams: The doctors that conduct depression counseling will conduct a physical exam and ask you various questions about your health. In some cases, depression can be linked to underlying health problems.

Lab tests: This will be done if the doctor has asked you to run blood tests. A blood test is done to test your thyroid and ensure that’s working properly.

Psychiatric evaluation: Once you visit a mental health professional at depression counseling in Bangalore, they will ask about your symptoms, thoughts, feelings, and behavior patterns. You will be asked to fill out a questionnaire that will help you answer the questions, as well.

Treatment for Depression:

Usually, a combination of medication and psychotherapy is effective for a patient suffering from depression. The primary care doctor or psychiatrist will prescribe medicines to relieve you of your symptoms. But, some patients have seen the benefits of visiting a psychiatrist, psychologist, or any other mental health professional. If you are suffering from severe bouts of depression, then you may want to consider staying at a depression rehabilitation center and participate in an inpatient treatment program to treat your symptoms.

Here are some of the major treatment options provided by depression counseling & therapy services:

Medications: Many types of antidepressants are available, ensure that you consult with your doctor and pharmacist about the side effects before you decide to start the medication plan. You may have to try several types of medicines and doses before you find the one that is right for you. The whole process requires patience because you will need many weeks to adjust to the full effects.

You need to consult with your doctor once the medication timeline is coming to an end. They will help you wean off the medicines gradually and safely. Stopping the treatment suddenly can cause the worsening of symptoms and missing several doses can bring about withdrawal signs. Antidepressants are not considered addictive but they are known to cause physical dependence.

Psychotherapy:

Psychotherapy is a term used for treating depression by talking about your condition and corresponding issues, with a mental health professional. It's also known as talk therapy or psychological therapy. Depression counseling services can help you with the following:

  • Adjusting to crises
  • Identifying negative beliefs and behaviors, while replacing them with healthy and positive ones 
  • Explore your relationships and develop positive interactions
  • Finding better ways to solve problems
  • Identifying the root issues that can contribute to depression
  • Regaining a sense of satisfaction and control in your life. This will help ease the depression symptoms like hopelessness and anger
  • Learning to set realistic goals
  • Developing the ability to tolerate and accepting distress is a sign of positive mental health 

Depression, even the most severe cases, can be effectively treated. The earlier that treatment can begin, the more effective it is. Once diagnosed, a person with depression can be treated in several ways. The most common treatments are medication and psychotherapy. 

Talk to our psychiatrists at Cadabam's Hospitals to treat depression effectively.

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Depression

  • Persistent sad, anxious, or "empty" feelings
  • Feelings of hopelessness or pessimism
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness
  • Irritability, restlessness
  • Loss of interest in activities or hobbies once pleasurable, including sex
  • Fatigue and decreased energy
  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering details, and making decisions
  • Insomnia, early-morning wakefulness, or excessive sleeping
  • Overeating, or appetite loss
  • Thoughts of suicide, suicide attempts
  • Aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems that do not ease even with treatment

doctors | Depression

Dr B. R. Madhukar

MADHUKAR B.R
MBBS, DPM (NIMHANS), DPM (IRELAND), DPM (UK)

Medical Director & Consultant Psychiatrist

Dr. Vijayalakshmi Kashi

VIJAYALAKSHMI KASHI
MBBS, DPM

Consultant Psychiatrist

Dr. Priya Raghavan

Priya Raghavan
MBBS, MRCP (UK), CCT

Consultant Psychiatrist

Dr. Vishal Kasal

Vishal Kasal
MBBS (Psychiatry), M.D.(Psychiatry)

Consultant Psychiatrist

Dr Arun Kumar

ARUN KUMAR

PSYCHIATRY

Dr. ANITHA B

ANITHA B
M.Sc (Psychology), M.Phil Psychology, Phd in Psycho-oncology 

Consultant Clinical Psychologist

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There’s no magic bullet or single treatment that works for everyone. Everyone’s needs are different, so it’s important that you find a program that is right for you. Alcohol addiction treatment program should be customized to your unique problems and situation.

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doctors talk | Depression