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Sleep Problems

Do you have trouble sleeping at night? Do you often find yourself waking up many times during the night for no obvious reason? Does this lack of sleep leave you exhausted and inactive all day long making your job and personal life suffer? If you responded yes to either of the above questions, it might be time to get help. You may be struggling with a sleep disorder. 

Sleep issues are conditions that hinder a person from getting peaceful sleep and, as a result, can produce daytime drowsiness and dysfunction. 

How common are sleep issues? It is estimated that around 3 million people worldwide suffer from one form or another form of sleep disorders. 

Isn’t that shocking?

Types of Sleep Problems and its Symptoms 

The most significant sleep disorders are:

  • Insomnia: Insomnia is a type of sleep disorder in which the individual finds difficulty falling asleep. 

A Person with insomnia shows these symptoms:

  • Sleeplessness
  • Wake up during the night/ have difficulty going back to sleep
  • Wake up too early  
  • Having unrefreshing sleep 
  • Fatigue
  • Mood changes
  • Difficulty in concentration 

Insomnia ranges in how long it remains and how frequently it occurs. About 50 percent of adults experience random bouts of insomnia and 1 in 10 people are said to suffer from chronic insomnia. 

  • Hypersomnia: Hypersomnia is a condition in which a person has difficulty staying alert during the day. Those who have hypersomnia can fall asleep at any point; for example, at work or while driving. They may also have other sleep-related problems, including a loss of energy and trouble concentrating. 
  • Restless legs syndrome: Restless Leg Syndrome is a neurologic sensorimotor disorder resulting in prickly or tingling sensations in the legs when the legs are at rest. Restless Leg Syndrome symptoms are momentarily relieved by movement or pressure. 

Symptoms of Restless legs syndrome include: 

  • Irresistible urge to move the legs while resting
  • Recurring jerking and cramping of legs during sleep
  • Creeping sensations get worse at night. 
  • Sleep apnea: It is one of the many types of sleep disorders in which a person takes a pause of a minimum of 10 seconds in breathing during sleep. It is a continuous process. The person is unaware of this condition until someone else notices its symptoms. 

Symptoms of sleep apnea are frequent silences, sleepiness, exhaustion, regular awakening and loud snoring. This is a very critical disorder found in people. It can even be harmful to the extent that it can cause death.

  • Narcolepsy: People with narcolepsy will fall asleep uncontrollably throughout the day. It can occur at anytime even your body is in moving action.

Symptoms of Narcolepsy include: 

  • Cataplexy, brief loss of spontaneous muscle tone triggered by intense emotions 
  • Sleep paralysis
  • Hypnagogic hallucinations. 

Sleep Problems Causes

Many factors can lead to sleep issues. This includes your diet, activities, sleep-wake routine, work, leisure and relationships. Do you smoke? Do you drink more than 6 cups of coffee or tea a day? Are you under stress? Do you exercise less than twice a week? Are you dissatisfied, bored? Do you generally work more than 10 hours a day? 

If your answers to any of these questions are YES, it indicates that your lifestyle may be affecting your sleep. It is time to look at your priority in life and find a way to work around the stress and bad habits that are affecting your sleep. 

Sleep Issues Treatment

  • Behavioural techniques - This method includes sleep hygiene, relaxation exercises, cognitive focusing, sleep restriction therapy and systematic desensitization. The last three techniques are used to reduce recurrent and persistent thoughts during sleep. They involve focusing on pleasant thoughts, changes to sleep pattern and reducing anxiety related to negative thoughts while sleeping.
  • Medication - The most commonly prescribed medications are antidepressant drugs. Some drugs are used exclusively for the treatment of excessive daytime sleepiness while others are used to treat depression and anxiety. The type of medication will differ depending on whether the problem is acute or chronic and whether it is potentially medication responsive or not.
  • Therapies - The common therapies are talk therapy, light therapy and neurofeedback, biofeedback. Talk therapy involves counselling ranging from psychodynamic psychotherapy to cognitive therapy. Light therapy is used to treat circadian rhythm disorders. It involves exposure to a lightbox for 30 to 60 minutes. Biofeedback and neurofeedback is also very effective for sleep related issues especially insomnia. As for complementary therapies, they are mostly useful for lifestyle problems that involve stress and anxiety. They are useful at times for the treatment of sleep issue.

Some people find meditation useful while others enjoy yoga to overcome sleep problems. People with very high muscle tension may find it useful to do the progressive relaxation exercise which is intended to relax step by step all the different groups of muscles in the body. 

In conclusion, identify your sleep disorder and treating it early will help to improve your health and your daily functioning. 

It is necessary to get sufficient sleep. Inadequate sleep impairs a person's energy, mood, and concentration throughout the day. When it prevails for a longer period, it aggravates stress, depression, anxiety, as well as cause poor health and impairs the overall performance, both at work and at home.

For the best treatment of sleep issues, call us @+91 97414 76476.

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