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Overview

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) is a brain stimulation technique that is non-invasive and painless. Direct electrical currents are passed through two electrodes placed over the head to stimulate certain brain regions.
tDCS has been shown to significantly enhance the performance on spelling and word-search tests. This highlights its effectiveness as a treatment tool in children and adolescents with dyslexia, a Specific Learning Disability (SLD) in reading, in which the child faces difficulties in comprehension, writing, and spelling. It has also been found useful in enhancing other cognitive capacities including numerical processing and deficits in response inhibition as found in children with learning disabilities like dyscalculia – an SLD in which the child has difficulties in mathematical calculations and concepts, and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). tDCS has also shown its usefulness in enhancing the writing ability in patients with dysgraphia – an SLD in which the child has difficulties putting their thoughts into writing or drawing.

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How effective is Direct Cranial Stimulation for SLD?

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) is effective in improving the cognitive capabilities in children and adolescents with SLD that enhances their learning and performance.

Is Direct Cranial Stimulation safe for SLD?

tDCS is considered a generally safe treatment procedure with no permanent or severe damage. The most common side effects reported are mild and temporary and can include mild burning or itching sensation where the electrodes had been placed, mild headaches, fatigue, etc.

How many numbers of sessions are required?

The number of tDCS sessions required differs for each child or adolescent depending on their type and severity of learning disability, and their response to the treatment sessions.