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About Electro Convulsive Therapy as Treatment

What is ECT?

At Cadabams a range of ECT treatments are available such as ECT for depression,  ECT for Bipolar disorder, ECT for OCD, and ECT for Schizophrenia.

How does ECT work?

In this therapy, seizures are induced in the patient through electric shock to control acute conditions of schizophrenia, mania, and catatonia.

Benefits of ECT therapy:

ECT works for many people when drugs or psychotherapy are ineffective. There are typically fewer side effects than with medications.

ECT works quickly to relieve psychiatric symptoms. Depression or mania may resolve after only one or two treatments. In contrast, many medications require weeks to take effect. Therefore, ECT can be especially beneficial for those who are suicidal, psychotic or catatonic.

According to an article published in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 83% of depressed patients who did not respond to other treatments did improve after ECT. In addition, patients who are treated with ECT have a 49% remission rate.

About Cadabams Hospitals

Cadabams Hospitals is the top psychiatric hospital in Bangalore for all kinds of mental health conditions including Anxiety, Depression, Schizophrenia, OCD amongst others. We have a stellar team of some of the top psychiatrists in Bangalore supported by specialist doctors, top therapists, registered mental health nurses, and social workers.

Sometimes in cases where symptoms are very severe, there is a need for urgent measures such as ECT in addition to regular therapy and medication regimen.

ECT therapy or ECT treatment is a procedure carried out under general anaesthesia where small electric currents are passed through the brain to trigger brief seizures. This has been observed to quickly reverse symptoms of certain acute mental health conditions bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, and schizophrenia.

There is some stigma associated with ECT as a treatment method as in the early days it was carried out without anaesthesia leading to uncontrollable seizures and pain for the patient. With developments in medicine and anaesthesia, ECT is much safer today and in a controlled setting, it is very effective as a treatment.

All the risks and benefits of ECT are explained to the patient and the needful consent is obtain before administering any treatment. It is chosen as a last resort of treatment and when all other alternatives seem to be ineffective in producing the desired results.

Frequently Asked Questions

> What is the success rate of ECT?

Studies have found ECT psychiatry therapy in combination with medication regimes to be successful 75-83% of the time. However, there are chances of relapse in some patients. In some cases, ECT treatment has to be monitored on scheduled intervals to ensure that treatment is effective. The psychiatrists will gauge your recovery based on certain milestones and prescribe the right treatment and maintenance plan in your case.

> Can ECT cause Brain damage?

There is no evidence to suggest that ECT, as it is carried out in modern psychiatry, causes structural changes to the brain. There are some rare cases where ECT has been associated with memory loss, hyper or hypotension, however, they are rare and can be prevented with adequate prediagnosis and precautions.

> Who is a good candidate for ECT?

ECT is only carried out when the patient exhibits severe symptoms of acute mental illnesses such as Bipolar Disorder, Schizophrenia, Severe Depression. ECT is only carried out if all other treatments including therapy and medication have failed to induce the desired recovery

> Is ECT Treatment dangerous?

ECT treatment as carried out in modern psychiatry is generally safe. However, there may be some confusion and disorientation after treatment hence it is advised to have a family member or loved one along during treatment

> How many ECT treatments are needed for recovery?

The number of treatment varies based on the severity of your symptoms. On average 6-12 session of ECT have been found effective in most cases. However, this is purely indicative and your psychiatrist will constantly monitor your progress and decide on the number of sessions that is right for you.

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