What does a therapist target in treating bipolar disorder?
A therapist can help the patient work on unhealthy thoughts, emotions, and behaviours associated with bipolar episodes, enhancing relationships, identifying lifestyle habits that can trigger an episode, and establish and maintain a stable routine that reduces the chances of relapse.
What therapy approaches are used for bipolar disorder?
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is one therapy approach that can address the depressive symptoms of bipolar disorder, feelings of guilt or other negative emotions and beliefs related to manic episodes, feelings related to losing relationships or friendships, and building overall awareness of mood, physical sensations, and emotions which can be indicators of the onset of a manic episode. Interpersonal therapy, which focuses on improving relationships, and social rhythm therapy, which focuses on maintaining a stable routine are other effective treatment approaches.
Is it necessary to consult a therapist for bipolar disorder?
Medications can only help manage symptoms and prevent relapses. However, there are other psycho-social factors and lifestyle habits that can contribute to bipolar episodes. Moreover, working with a therapist on these factors can ensure the patient is able to maintain their emotional well-being and have a stable routine that reduces the risk of relapse.
How can a therapist help the family of a bipolar disorder patient?
A therapist can psychoeducate the family members regarding the illness, learning about warning signs of an incoming episode, and teach them ways they can manage the patient when they are exhibiting the symptoms. A therapist can also address the family issues that add to the patient’s stress that can negatively contribute to the illness.