3.1 % of the Indian population suffers from anxiety disorder, says the study conducted by NIMHANS (National Mental Health and Neuro Sciences).
Top psychologists in Bangalore says- people get confused between the signs of anxiety and normal uneasy emotions. Feeling nervous, worried or sad rarely is part of human existence and biologically normal. If it clutches a person’s life regularly, it is an anxiety disorder.
What are the signs of anxiety a person may experience in daily life?
As mentioned earlier, worries are biologically normal with human beings. It is a red flag when the intensity and the frequency of worrying increases.
Studies suggest a human body requires 6 to 8 hours of sound sleep. A person with anxiety disorder experiences irregular sleep patterns. They may have a tendency to oversleep or sleepless.
Handling nervousness could be a daunting task. They may feel difficult to stay calm.
Shortness of breath
Yes, it manifests into a few physical symptoms too. The individual might gasp for breath or experience shortness of breath.
They constantly experience pounding heart. An array of flying thoughts is also the source to trigger high heart rates.
They may experience vomiting sensation quite frequently.
Stiffness in the body, uneasy muscle tension and cramps may take place.
Change in appetite
The person may experience a drastic change in his/ her eating habits. They do overeat or lesser than the normal.
It doesn't mean a person with an anxiety disorder experience all of the symptoms as mentioned above. They may experience one or a combination of symptoms. The individual may notice the symptoms for at least two weeks.
When To See a Therapist?
If a person experiences the symptoms as forth mentioned, it is advisable to seek professional help as soon as possible. Early diagnosis may have an immense impact on the signs of anxiety disorder. A therapist may assist the individual in managing the symptoms through proper medications and treatment methods.
Treatments for anxiety disorder
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
CBT is the most common and effective treatment method for reducing the symptoms of anxiety disorder. The therapist and the individual works together in identifying the thoughts and behaviour that contributes to anxiety. Through the understanding with the individual, the therapist helps in developing coping skills to counter or reduce the signs of anxiety.
Biofeedback helps in plotting physiological changes in the body that trigger anxiety. Through the process, the therapist understands the specific functional changes in breathing, muscle tension and heart rate. Recognizing the body’s response helps the person to gain control over anxiety.
Antidepressants such as serotonin (selective) are effective on the symptoms of anxiety. Also, it is effective with the co-existing mental health conditions such as depression, stress and panic attack.
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