ADHD Medication & Treatment: All you need to know

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One of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood ADHD, if not treated properly, can often last into adulthood. ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, a condition with symptoms such as hyperactivity, inattentiveness, and impulsivity. The symptoms of ADHD always begins exhibiting in childhood. In such a scenario, ADHD Medication is always tricky as the dosages have to be adjusted for children. 

ADHD Symptoms in children

A child with ADHD might:

  1. Daydream a lot
  2. Lack Focus
  3. Forget or lose things a lot
  4. Squirm or fidget
  5. Talk too much
  6. Make careless mistakes 
  7. Take unnecessary risks
  8. Have a hard time resisting temptation
  9. Have trouble waiting for their turn
  10. Have difficulty mingling with others
  11. Problem playing quietly
  12. Trouble getting organized

ADHD Medications for your child

Parents must figure out which of the above-mentioned symptoms are visible in their child. This is a crucial factor in how your Doctor decides on the medications. The right ADHD Medication can help ease ADHD symptoms.

Have a close observation of your child after take medications. Consistency in medication is highly crucial.

Let’s have a glance at commonly prescribed medicines.

  1. Stimulants, which are classified into Amphetamine and Methylphenidate (eg: Concerta, Metadate, Ritalin). Stimulants usually reduce hyperactivity and impulsivity and enhance focus.
  2. Non Stimulants like Atomoxetine, Clonidine, this class of medicines treat aggression, inattention, impulsivity that aren't controlled by other ADHD medications.
  3. Sometimes Antidepressants are prescribed too, like Wellbutrin, Aventyl, and Norpramin.

Is ADHD Medication Safe for your Child?

When a child is prescribed such a long course of medication, every parent's first concern is - Does ADHD Medication work? How safe is it? Are there any side effects? The doctor will assess your child's mental health thoroughly before prescribing the dose. Hence, ADHD medicine is considered as safe and effective, provided the diagnosis is correct and the target symptoms are known. 

All medicines, including those used to treat the symptoms, are only safe if they’re used correctly. Proper medical supervision is still important as some children tend to develop different symptoms and troublesome side effects than others. Apart from medicine, it's advisable to combine the treatment with training, behavioural therapy, or counselling.

Side Effects of ADHD Medications

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, common side effects of stimulants include sleeping problems, decreased appetite, headache, or upset stomach.

In the start, your child’s growth can be hindered but will rebound to normal after few years. Sometimes children taking stimulants experience visual hallucinations.

 Few other serious side effects, which occurs very rarely are - 

  1. Sudden, repetitive movements or sounds called Motor tics or verbal tics
  2. Personality changes, such as appearing “flat” or without emotion

At every step of the process, a keen observation of the ADHD child is very important

How is correct dosage determined?

The right dosage depends upon the child’s body metabolism and not the child’s age or weight. The doctor would start with lower level dosage and  increase or decrease it gradually, depending on his symptoms or improvement. Parents must provide feedback to decide the dosage that is appropriate.

Can Medicine Cure ADHD?

There is no cure for ADHD. Medications only help control symptoms. However, a combination of medicine and therapy is a great way to help your child lead a productive life. 

Regular monitoring and interaction with your child’s doctor actually help to find the right dose and best medicine and your child receives the best treatment. If you feel that they aren’t working for your child, then visit another doctor or a behavioural therapist for a second opinion. However, don’t ever risk ADHD self-medication as it can be highly risky and dangerous.

What to watch out for if your child is on ADHD Medication:

ADHD Medication alone can cure not all behavioural problems. It’s best if you take your child to visit a therapist. Don’t let the child skip medicines. Liquid or chewable forms of medicines are available to avoid swallowing. Follow the guidance of your doctor for dosage. 

Medications can help in keeping a control over the symptoms, but may not eliminate the problem completely. For the better success of treatment, there should be unconditional love from the parents, motivation. Some of the other therapies like family therapy, behavioral therapy, play therapy, lifestyle changes, neurofeedback work well.

To learn more about ADHD medications and treatment Call Cadabam’s Hospitals right away @+91 97414 76476.

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