ADHD Meaning

by cadabamshospital

26 August,2020 | 2 months read

What is ADHD?

ADHD (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) is a type of mental/neuro-developmental disorder that’s most prevalent in children, but in rare cases can be seen in adults too. In this article, we walk you through different aspects of ADHD such as ADHD meaning, ADHD types, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.  

What Causes ADHD? 

Though the exact reason is still unknown, your child could be at higher risk of ADHD due to a combination of the following factors: 

Biological Factors/Genes

ADHD risk has a genetic component and thus it’s believed that if your parents suffer from ADHD, your chances of suffering from the disorder are at least four times higher. In certain cases, it’s more likely to happen in twins, while in siblings and non-twins, the chances are lower.

Brain Defects

There are neurotransmitters inside the brain that transfer information from one body part to another. Studies claim that people who suffer from ADHD often have a neurological imbalance and a considerable shortage of neurotransmitters impacting their attention levels.

Drinking Alcohol During Pregnancy

If the baby gets exposure to alcohol, drugs, radiation, his/her chances of developing ADHD are much higher. Low birth weight, development of infectious disease affecting the brain tissues are other factors that can lead to ADHD disorder in kids as it affects the way the brain transmits the signals.

Types of ADHD

ADHD (Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness, which interferes with daily activities. There are three groups of activities that you may need to clarify. A few children may have one of these, while some may have two.

Here's a quick overview of all the three types:

Primarily Inattentive Type ADHD (Inattention)

The individuals suffering from inattentive ADHD lack a careful approach to any task as they are unable to concentrate, follow detailed instructions, organizing tasks/activities. Due to poor concentration, they often lose out on things, are quite forgetful, and can get easily distracted by external stimuli. It was formerly called the ADD. 

Hyperactivity – Impulsive Type ADHD

These individuals are constantly restless and fidgety. Signs like constantly interrupting others, blurting out random answers, little or no self-control over their verbalizations are commonly seen in these individuals.

Combined Type ADHD

It’s the most common type of ADHD and individuals who suffer from this, show signs of both inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive ADHD.

ADHD in children

ADHD is a complex mental health issue that can affect your child’s success in school and their peer relationships. The symptoms of ADHD shift now and then making it hard to perceive.

ADHD affects children and adolescents and can continue into adulthood. Quick facts on the statistics of ADHD in children will tell you all.

  • A study says that about 5 percent of the children in India are diagnosed with ADHD and lack proper treatment.
  • The average age for the diagnosis of a severe form of ADHD in children is 5 years.
  • According to the data received from the National Mental Health Survey, nearly 1.6 – 17.9% of cases of ADHD are prevalent in India.

It is a common mental health issue among children. Children with ADHD can be hyperactive, not able to control their emotions, and immediately respond to the situation without thinking. On the other hand, they may experience difficulty in focusing. This behavior may affect their academic performances at school and personal life.

It is more commonly seen in males than in females and also found amid the early school years.

ADHD symptoms in Children

Some of the most common symptoms of ADHD in children irrespective of their age include: 

  1. Lack of attention and forgetfulness
  2. Excessive talking
  3. Interrupts others while talking
  4. Low self-esteem
  5. Feeling of frustration
  6. Mood swings and depression pops out
  7. Loss of control over anger

Treatment for ADHD in Children

ADHD is treatable, medications, and psychotherapy both combinations show effective recovery. Family counseling and cognitive behavior therapy are also used in the treatment process.

ADHD symptoms may vary from individual to individual; children may show different symptoms than adults. If you or your loved one experience the symptoms for at least 6 months, or suspect that you have ADHD, then contact a psychiatrist, or a psychologist for treatment because early intervention may enhance the quality of life.

Learn more about ADHD treatment, call us @+91 97414 76476 

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